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Remote Desktop Protocol

Remote Desktop Protocol(RDP)


What is RDP ??

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is basically  a  non-standard communications format and language developed by Microsoft. It provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. The user employs RDP client software for this purpose, while the other computer must run RDP server software.

The client version of RDP is available for Microsoft Windows, Linux, Unix, iOS, Android and other operating systems. It is basically a extension of ITU T.120 family of protocols. We know that there are 2 typesa of IP static and dynamic. RDP requires static IP to establish the connection . RDP uses port no 3389 to remotely access other computer. This Port is IANA registered for Microsoft WBT server.


The main features of RDP are

  • Encryption: It efficiently encrypts small amounts of data using RSA security’s RC4 cipher. Administrator can encrypt using 56 or 128 bit key.
  • Bandwidth reduction features: Various mechanisms like data compression, persistent caching of bitmaps are supported by RDP to reduce the amount of data transmitted over the network.
  • Roaming disconnect: Desktop can be manually disconnected without logging off and can be automatically reconnected when you log back from same device or different device
  • Remote control: Sharing inputs and displays between two remote desktops will support person’s ability to manage systems and resolve their problem remotely



RDP requires 1Ghz CPU or more with RAM of 1.5GB or more and a high speed internet connection

How does RDP works ?

To start RDP Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Remote Desktop Connection

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  1. In the Computer Box type the Computer name of the computer which you want to access.

(You will get the Computer Name of the computer you want to access in that computer’s  Start > Settings > Control Panel > System . In System select the Computer Name tab you will find a tag saying Full Computer Name  that is the Computer Name – it can be internal IP/External IP or your Dynamic DNS)


  1. Click on Option button
  2. Enter the Username and Password
  3. Once all the Information is filled go to General tab and save
  4. Press Connect. The desktop of computer you want to access will open in new window

If there is some error while trying to connect then  you might need VPN[Virtual Private Network to re-attempt the connection]


To end the Remote Desktop Connection

Simply click on Start and then Log Off  at the bottom of the Start menu




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